In a controlled indoor environment, a biodome is a kind of greenhouse that develops a self-sustaining ecosystem. These structures frequently consist of geodesic spheres that contribute to generating the ideal environment for living things.
They also allow researchers the possibility to examine various ecosystems and biomes in a lab setting. Understanding how natural systems function and how pollution affects them can be aided by this.
A sort of scientific facility called a biodome recreates an ecosystem indoors. Since they can offer plenty of space for scientists to accurately recreate the natural environment, many are built inside geodesic spheres.
As a design-based project, students can construct model biodomes to investigate habitats, ecosystems, energy flow, and biological interactions. They can also keep journals to document their discoveries.
A biodome is a self-sufficient, sustainably managed habitat that has the right conditions for both plants and animals to flourish. They can aid pupils in comprehending the operation of a biosphere and how it protects the planet’s natural resources.
There are many biodomes around the world, notably the Biosphere 2 project in Arizona and the Montreal Biodome in the 1976 Olympics Velodrome. These buildings’ spherical geodesic interiors, which offer naturally filtered sunlight and ideal air circulation, closely resemble outdoor habitats.
The Earth’s ecosystems may be studied in great detail with the use of biodomes. In an airtight atmosphere that resembles various settings, they provide guests with the ability to experience sub-Arctic climes, rainforests, deserts, and temperate woodlands.
They can also be employed in experiments and science teaching. They give scientists a special, secure, and well-regulated environment in which to operate.
Glass and metal are only two examples of materials that can be used to construct a biodome. They are sturdy and wind- and earthquake-resistant.
To ensure that the biodome is effective in its performance, architects who design them must take the climate, topography, and other aspects into account.
Biodomes can be recycled in addition to being environmentally friendly. This is significant because it may be a useful strategy for lowering pollution.
Biodomes, in contrast to conventional greenhouses, are entirely self-contained ecosystems that offer a growing environment for plants. All the plants and animals living inside the dome benefit from this because they aren’t affected by any abiotic elements that could slow down their growth rate, including temperature or water evaporation.
As they are not exposed to the outside world, they are also not concerned about burning or getting too many or too little nutrients. This is crucial for flowers and plants because they may develop more quickly inside the dome than they do outside a container.
An eco-friendly habitat that may be used to research plants and invertebrates is a biodome. Typically, they are made to resemble various natural settings, including jungles, deserts, and rainforests.
The world’s ecosystems can be learned a lot about using biodomes. They offer a close-up view of the organisms that inhabit a certain area, including plants, animals, and insects.
They also demonstrate the interactions between the various settings. For instance, the Montreal Biodome in Canada has representations of the woodland, the rainforest, the polar, and the estuary habitats.
The stability of our natural resources, including agricultural and forestry products, steady natural hydrological cycles, fertile soils, and a stable climate, depends on the biological variety. Additionally, it offers a wide range of crucial ecosystem services, including disease prevention and management, nutrient provision, pest control, pollination, and pest control.
Despite the significance of biodiversity, many people are destroying it by cutting down trees. Fortunately, initiatives to increase tree planting and make better use of forests have helped to reverse this tendency. More conservation efforts, though, are required. According to Seebens et al. (2018), our world is now losing more than 1000 species per year.